07/18/2022   Jennifer

Diabetes- Symptoms, Types, and Causes

When blood glucose is excessively high, it leads to diabetes. The main source of energy in your body is blood glucose, which is obtained from the food you consume. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose from the food enter your cells so it can be used for energy. Insulin is sometimes not produced or used well by your body.


Diabetes Treatment

How many Diabetes types are there?

Type 1 diabetes- Type 1 is caused by an auto-immune reaction, which stops your body from making insulin. Nearly 5- 10% of individuals are affected by type 1 diabetes. The majority of cases occur in children, teens, and young adults. You have to take insulin daily if you have type 1 diabetes. Its prevention is still unknown.

Type 2 diabetes- Type 2 diabetes is caused when your body doesn't use insulin well. About 95% population has type 2 diabetes. Symptoms may not be visible at all. Usually, it's diagnosed in adults. Healthy lifestyles can prevent type 2 diabetes.

Pre-diabetes and gestational diabetes are potentially reversible diabetes conditions.


Diabetes Prevention

Gestational Diabetes

Pregnant women who never had diabetes can develop gestational diabetes due to hormonal changes during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually disappears after birth. But increases your risk to develop type 2 diabetes later.

Your blood sugar levels are higher than normal in prediabetes, but not high as it is considered for type 2 diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

Symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent Infection
  • Blurred visions

Women with gestational diabetes don’t show any symptoms. In some women, frequent thirst or urination may occur.

Risk Factors of Diabetes

  • Type 1 Risk Factors
  • Your chances of type1 diabetes increase if someone from your family has diabetes.

  • Type 2 Risk Factors:
  • The risk factors experienced in type 2 diabetes are

    • Age- You are at high risk as you get older (above 45 yrs)
    • Family- Your chances of type 2 diabetes increase if someone in your family is already infected with type 2 diabetes.
    • Ethnicity- People of specific races and ethnicities, such as Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, Asians, and Pacific Islanders, are more prone than white people to get type 2 diabetes. The reason is still unknown.

    Risk factors related to your health include

    • High BP
    • Low HDL cholesterol
    • Obesity
    • Depression
    • Have prediabetes
    • Stress and sleep disturbances are one of the common causes which raise your risk of type2 diabetes.

  • Gestational Diabetes Risk Factor
  • Your chances of gestational increase if you

    • Are overweight
    • Are above 25yrs of age
    • Have type 2 diabetes family history
    • Have PCOS
    • Pregnant with gestational diabetes in the past

Diabetes Diagnosis

What Complications Can Diabetes Cause?

Diabetes-related complications include the following:

  • Heart stroke or heart attack
  • Vision loss
  • Hearing loss
  • Dementia
  • Frequent infection and sores
  • Depression
  • Skin infections

Gestational Diabetes - Mothers are at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and high BP. There is also the possibility that she will require a cesarean delivery. Babies can affect in the following ways:

  • Premature birth
  • Jaundice
  • Low blood sugar
  • Higher than normal weight

Diabetes Complications

Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes

Insulin Treatment- There are several insulin injections available depending on how quickly insulin works and how long its effects last:

Rapid-acting insulin works within 15mins and lasts for 3 to 4hrs

Short-acting insulin works within 30mins and lasts for 6 to 8hrs.

Intermediate-acting insulin works within 1-2 hrs and lasts for 12 to 18 hrs

Long-acting insulin works within a few hours and lasts a day or longer.

Because different parts of the body absorb insulin at various rates, the position of each injection is crucial. The abdominal region, for instance, delivers insulin quickly.

During a clinical trial on humans, verapamil, an existing blood pressure drug, was found to be beneficial for patients with diabetes. Yet, FDA has not approved verapamil to treat diabetes.

Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes

Healthy Lifestyle You can prevent type 2 diabetes by making healthy changes in your diet and lifestyle.

  • Reduce your carb intake
  • Exercise regularly
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat more fiber

What Medications are used for Diabetes?

There are various drugs available that reduce your sugar levels such as Biguanides, DPP-4 inhibitors, and alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.

In Gestational Diabetes- women need to check blood sugar levels frequently.

Your blood sugar levels are affected by emotional stress. So, in order to manage diabetes effectively, you must learn to relax.


Q. Is diabetes curable?

Despite the fact that there is no cure for diabetes, it can be managed and in certain cases, remission can occur.

  • Drink more water
  • Get enough sleep
  • Eat a healthy diabetic diet
  • Do exercise
  • Manage your weight
  • Manage stress level

Q. Which diabetes is more dangerous? Type 1 or Type 2?

Although both are dangerous if not managed properly. Still, type 1 diabetes is worse. You may need long-term insulin therapy. Type 2 can be reversed by healthy changes in lifestyle.


Q. How do you stay healthy with diabetes?

  • Exercise regularly
  • Drink more water
  • Increase fiber intake
  • Meditate every day (mental fitness)
  • Watch your blood sugar

Q. Do yoga and meditation prevent chronic ailments like diabetes?

Yoga and meditation don’t cure diabetes but reduce its effect to an extent. It manages your stress levels which soothes your nerves. Yoga and meditation lower BP, reduce stress, and also improve nerve function.


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